Who invented the doctrine of affections?
Who invented the doctrine of affections?
History and definition 70). The term itself, however, was only first devised in the twentieth century by German musicologists Hermann Kretzschmar, Harry Goldschmidt, and Arnold Schering, to describe this aesthetic theory (Buelow 2001; Nagley and Bujić 2002).
What is affection in Baroque?
doctrine of the affections, also called Doctrine Of Affects, German Affektenlehre, theory of musical aesthetics, widely accepted by late Baroque theorists and composers, that embraced the proposition that music is capable of arousing a variety of specific emotions within the listener.
What is Affekt in music?
Affekt, the ability of music to stir emotions, was described in a variety of ways, including character, affections, expression, affect, and emotion. It was achieved through attention to detail and proper execution — and done in good taste, which implies a deep understanding of proper practices of the time.
Why was the doctrine of the affections important to Baroque musical thought?
The Doctrine of Affections was a widespread understanding of music and musicality during the Baroque era. The Doctrine was a result of the philosophy of reason and science as it coincides with music. It aimed to reconcile what man knew about science and the human body, and what man thought he knew about music.
Why was Monody created?
In monody, which developed out of an attempt by the Florentine Camerata in the 1580s to restore ancient Greek ideas of melody and declamation (probably with little historical accuracy), one solo voice sings a melodic part, usually with considerable ornamentation, over a rhythmically independent bass line.
Who invented ritornello?
composer Giovanni Gabrieli
The ritornello as a recurring tutti passage can be traced back to the music of sixteenth-century Venetian composer Giovanni Gabrieli. According to Richard Taruskin, these repeating passages are “endemic to the concertato style” which Gabrieli is credited with developing.
What is true of Cantata?
cantata, (from Italian cantare, “to sing”), originally, a musical composition intended to be sung, as opposed to a sonata, a composition played instrumentally; now, loosely, any work for voices and instruments.
What is a primary feature of Baroque music?
Baroque music is characterised by: long flowing melodic lines often using ornamentation (decorative notes such as trills and turns) contrast between loud and soft, solo and ensemble. a contrapuntal texture where two or more melodic lines are combined.
Which of the following are the four basic affects in late Baroque theory of Affections?
The four temperaments, including sanguine, choleric, melancholic, and phlegmatic, were each associated with separate affections. In particular, the affections of love and joy characterized a sanguine temperament, anger and fury choleric, sorrow and pain melancholic, and peacefulness and moderate joy phlegmatic.
What does monody mean?
noun, plural mon·o·dies. a Greek ode sung by a single voice, as in a tragedy; lament. a poem in which the poet or speaker laments another’s death; threnody. Music. a style of composition in which one part or melody predominates; homophony, as distinguished from polyphony.
What monody means?
Definition of monody 1 : an ode sung by one voice (as in a Greek tragedy) 2 : an elegy or dirge performed by one person. 3a : a monophonic vocal piece. b : the monophonic style of 17th century opera.
Who used ritornello?
The form is used in a lot of Baroque music and means a recurring passage interspersed with contrasting episodes. This format was used by many 18th-century composers, like Handel, and the verse/chorus structure used by modern songwriters like Jimi Hendrix mirrors the practice of the Ritornello.
Who invented cantata?
The word cantata first appeared in the Italian composer Alessandro Grandi’s Cantade et arie a voce sola (Cantatas and Arias for Solo Voice; published 1620–29).
Which of the following is characteristic of the Baroque style?
Some of the qualities most frequently associated with the Baroque are grandeur, sensuous richness, drama, vitality, movement, tension, emotional exuberance, and a tendency to blur distinctions between the various arts.
What was the role of the composers in Baroque period?
During the period, composers experimented with finding a fuller sound for each instrumental part (thus creating the orchestra), made changes in musical notation (the development of figured bass as a quick way to notate the chord progression of a song or piece), and developed new instrumental playing techniques.
Why was monody created?
What does Epicedium mean?
a funeral song; dirge
noun, plural ep·i·ce·di·a [ep-uh-see-dee-uh, -si-dahy-uh]. a funeral song; dirge. GOOSES. GEESES.