What are 4 serious complications from prolonged high blood pressure?

What are 4 serious complications from prolonged high blood pressure?

Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to complications including:

  • Heart attack or stroke.
  • Aneurysm.
  • Heart failure.
  • Weakened and narrowed blood vessels in your kidneys.
  • Thickened, narrowed or torn blood vessels in the eyes.
  • Metabolic syndrome.
  • Trouble with memory or understanding.
  • Dementia.

How does high blood pressure affect the elderly?

The development of high blood pressure in the elderly can lead to the following: Higher heart attack and stroke risk. Kidney issues. Heart enlargement and failure.

What is a likely complication of uncontrolled high blood pressure?

Heart failure — The increased workload from high blood pressure can cause the heart to enlarge and fail to supply blood to the body. Kidney disease or failure — High blood pressure can damage the arteries around the kidneys and interfere with their ability to filter blood effectively.

What are the danger signs of high blood pressure?

If your blood pressure is extremely high, there may be certain symptoms to look out for, including:

  • Severe headaches.
  • Nosebleed.
  • Fatigue or confusion.
  • Vision problems.
  • Chest pain.
  • Difficulty breathing.
  • Irregular heartbeat.
  • Blood in the urine.

Can high blood pressure cause confusion in elderly?

Hypertension — true high blood pressure — isn’t diagnosed until systolic blood pressure reaches 140 (or when diastolic blood pressure reaches 90). The findings, Allaire suggests, indicate that some elderly people may have trouble thinking clearly in stressful situations that cause their blood pressure to spike.

How long does it take for high blood pressure to cause damage?

In other words, once blood pressure rises above normal, subtle but harmful brain changes can occur rather quickly—perhaps within a year or two. And those changes may be hard to reverse, even if blood pressure is nudged back into the normal range with treatment.

Can high blood pressure cause dementia like symptoms?

In 2013, investigators showed that older people with high blood pressure, or hypertension , were more likely to have biomarkers of Alzheimer’s in their spinal fluid. Another study found that the more blood pressure varied over an eight-year period, the greater the risk of dementia .

What happens to your brain when you have high blood pressure?

High blood pressure can also cause blood clots to form in the arteries leading to the brain, blocking blood flow and potentially causing a stroke. Dementia. Narrowed or blocked arteries can limit blood flow to the brain, leading to a certain type of dementia (vascular dementia).

What three parts of the body can be damaged from high blood pressure?

High blood pressure can damage your health in many ways. It can seriously hurt important organs like your heart, brain, kidneys, and eyes.

What is the life expectancy of someone with high blood pressure?

For all-cause death, absolute excess risks ranged from 10.1 to 107.6 per 1000 in 25 years. For men with higher BP levels, ie, high-normal BP and stages 1, 2, and 3 hypertension, estimated life expectancy was shorter by 2.2, 4.1, 8.4, and 12.2 years, respectively, compared with men with normal BP.

How do you tell if an elderly person has had a stroke?

Know the signs of stroke

  1. Sudden numbness or weakness in the face, arm, or leg—especially on one side of the body.
  2. Sudden confusion or trouble speaking or understanding.
  3. Sudden problems seeing in one eye or both eyes.
  4. Sudden dizziness, loss of balance or coordination, or trouble walking.
  • August 25, 2022