# Is chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis the same?

Table of Contents

## Is chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis the same?

“Chi-square” is the H-statistic of the Kruskal–Wallis test, which is approximately chi-square distributed. The “Pr > Chi-Square” is your P value. You would report these results as “H=0.04, 1 d.f., P=0.84.”

## When should Kruskal-Wallis be used?

Typically, a Kruskal-Wallis H test is used when you have three or more categorical, independent groups, but it can be used for just two groups (i.e., a Mann-Whitney U test is more commonly used for two groups).

**How do you use a Kruskal-Wallis calculator?**

To use this calculator, simply enter the values for up to five treatment conditions (or populations) into the text boxes below, either one score per line or as a comma delimited list. Select your significance level, give your data a final check, and then press the “Calculate” button.

**How is Kruskal-Wallis test calculated?**

The Kruskal-Wallis test is also used when data sets are composed of ordinal values. Q = r i − r j N N + 1 12 1 n i + 1 n j , where ri and rj are the average ranks for the two groups being compared, with ni and nj their respective sample sizes, and N the total sample size.

### Why do we use Kruskal-Wallis test?

The Kruskal-Wallis test is a nonparametric (distribution free) test, and is used when the assumptions of one-way ANOVA are not met. Both the Kruskal-Wallis test and one-way ANOVA assess for significant differences on a continuous dependent variable by a categorical independent variable (with two or more groups).

### Can Kruskal-Wallis be used for Likert scale?

If the number of Likert-scale items contributing to your variable is small, you might want to use the Kruskal-Wallis test instead. There will be a small hit to statistical power (as compared with ANOVA) using Kruskal-Wallis with approximately normal data, but you should be able to use either.

**How would you describe Kruskal-Wallis results?**

Kruskal-Wallis test results should be reported with an H statistic, degrees of freedom and the P value; thus H (3) = 8.17, P = . 013. Please note that the H and P are capitalized and italicized as required by most Referencing styles.

**How do you calculate Chi Square in Excel?**

Calculate the chi square p value Excel: Steps

- Step 1: Calculate your expected value.
- Step 2: Type your data into columns in Excel.
- Step 3: Click a blank cell anywhere on the worksheet and then click the “Insert Function” button on the toolbar.
- Step 4: Type “Chi” in the Search for a Function box and then click “Go.”

## What is the post hoc test for Kruskal-Wallis?

Probably the most popular post-hoc test for the Kruskal–Wallis test is the Dunn test. Also presented are the Conover test and Nemenyi test. Because the post-hoc test will produce multiple p-values, adjustments to the p-values can be made to avoid inflating the possibility of making a type-I error.