How does high SES affect health?

How does high SES affect health?

Generally, people in lower socioeconomic groups are at greater risk of poor health, have higher rates of illness, disability and death, and live shorter lives than people from higher socioeconomic groups (Mackenbach 2015).

How does high socioeconomic status affect health?

There is evidence that socioeconomic status (SES) affects individual’s health outcomes and the health care they receive. People of lower SES are more likely to have worse self-reported health,5,6 lower life expectancy,7 and suffer from more chronic conditions8-11 when compared with those of higher SES.

How does low socioeconomic status affect health?

Low SES is an important determinant of access to health care. Persons with low incomes are more likely to be Medicaid recipients or uninsured, have poor-quality health care, and seek health care less often; when they do seek health care, it is more likely to be for an emergency.

What is the relationship between socioeconomic status SES and health?

Poorer SES, whether measured by education, income, occupation, race and ethnicity, or locality, has been associated a variety of negative health outcomes including shorter life expectancy [1], worse mental health [2], higher mortality from a wide-range of diseases [3], worse health behaviors [4], and most recently.

Why does low income affect health?

The health of people with low incomes often suffers because they can’t afford adequate housing, food, or child care. Such living conditions, and the stress they cause, can lead to higher rates of tobacco and alcohol use and increase the risk of health problems developing or worsening over time.

How does low SES affect mental health?

This finding is reported on in the current issue of the American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, published by the American Psychological Association (APA). “The poorer one’s socioeconomic conditions are, the higher one’s risk is for mental disability and psychiatric hospitalization,” said author Christopher G.

How does social class affect healthcare?

Many studies demonstrate that social classes can positively predict individual health [5–11]. Compared with the lower class, the upper classes have longer life spans, a better health status, and less possibility of suffering from a physical disability [12, 13].

How does low income affect health?

Poverty can affect the health of people at all ages. In infancy, it is associated with a low birth weight, shorter life expectancy and a higher risk of death in the first year of life. Children living in poverty are more likely to suffer from chronic diseases and diet-related problems.

How does social class affect health?

People in lower socio-economic groups are more likely to have long-term health conditions, and these conditions tend to be more severe than those experienced by people in higher socio-economic groups.

How does economic and social disadvantage affect health?

Social and economic factors, such as income, education, employment, community safety, and social supports can significantly affect how well and how long we live. These factors affect our ability to make healthy choices, afford medical care and housing, manage stress, and more.

How social class affects health and wellbeing?

People at the lower end of the socio- economic scale may feel a lack of control or autonomy at work, resulting in a sense of alienation, which has a negative effect on their mental wellbeing, while more senior white-collar roles may lead to high levels of stress, which can also negatively affect mental wellbeing and …

How does low income status affect health care?

What is the link between poverty and health?

Poverty is a major cause of ill health and a barrier to accessing health care when needed. This relationship is financial: the poor cannot afford to purchase those things that are needed for good health, including sufficient quantities of quality food and health care.

How can socioeconomic status affect one’s physical and mental health?

Similarly, higher incomes are usually associated with better nutritional status, housing conditions, medical services, etc. In addition, people with higher levels of education tend to have better health awareness and health-related knowledge [30]. Consequently, higher SES may be correlated with better physical health.

Is social class and health related?

Evidence shows that lower socio-economic groups have relatively high mortality rates, higher levels of ill health and fewer resources to adopt healthier lifestyles when compared to better-off sections of society.

Why is health related to social inequality?

There are close correlations between social inequality and mortality, infant overmortality, lower life expectancy, higher occurrence of mental illness, obesity, homicide, violence, use of illicit drugs, number of people in prisons, lack of trust in other people, teenage pregnancy and less social mobility, among others.

What is the relationship between income and health?

Income, as a basic indicator of social class, plays a dominant role in the maintenance of people’s health [9]. Higher income is related to better health conditions and lower health risks, while lower income means more exposure to health risk factors.

How does income affect health status?

The higher a person’s income, education or occupation level, the healthier they tend to be—a phenomenon often termed the ‘social gradient of health’.

How is health related to social inequality?

Poor health and poverty do go hand-in-hand. But high levels of inequality, the epidemiological research shows, negatively affect the health of even the affluent, mainly because, researchers contend, inequality reduces social cohesion, a dynamic that leads to more stress, fear, and insecurity for everyone.

How do social factors affect health?

Social determinants of health such as poverty, unequal access to health care, lack of education, stigma, and racism are underlying, contributing factors of health inequities. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is committed to achieving improvements in people’s lives by reducing health inequities.

  • October 10, 2022