What is drought easy words?
Table of Contents
What is drought easy words?
A drought is defined as “a period of abnormally dry weather sufficiently prolonged for the lack of water to cause serious hydrologic imbalance in the affected area.” -Glossary of Meteorology (1959).
What is the evidence of drought?
The first evidence of drought usually is seen in records of rainfall. Within a short period of time, the amount of moisture in soils can begin to decrease. The effects of a drought on flow in streams and reservoirs may not be noticed for several weeks or months.
What are the 4 types of drought?
Wilhite and Glantz1 categorized the definitions in terms of four basic approaches to measuring drought: meteorological, hydrological, agricultural, and socioeconomic.
What is conclusion for drought?
The conclusion of drought is as follows: Droughts are natural calamities that no one can prevent, but we can prepare for the effects of the disaster to make it more manageable. There are numerous human and natural system costs that we should be aware of as a result of this force of nature.
What is drought in paragraph?
Drought is a continuous period of dry weather, when an area gets less than its normal amount of rain, over months or even years. Crops and other plants need water to grow, and animals need it to live. Droughts can become dangerous to people and other land animals; causing famine and even creating deserts.
What is the hypothesis of drought in South Africa?
Drought in South Africa caused by El Niño, human action and climate change. The present drought in Cape Town has been caused by extremely poor rainfall in recent months, with the result that the water supplies are under enormous pressure.
What is impact of drought?
Drought can also cause long-term public health problems, including: Shortages of drinking water and poor quality drinking water. Impacts on air quality, sanitation and hygiene, and food and nutrition. More disease, such as West Nile Virus carried by mosquitoes breeding in stagnant water.
What is drought disaster?
It is a slow-onset disaster characterized by the lack of precipitation, resulting in a water shortage. Drought can have a serious impact on health, agriculture, economies, energy and the environment.
Why is drought a problem?
Drought can limit the growing season and create conditions that encourage insect and disease infestation in certain crops. Low crop yields can result in rising food prices and shortages, potentially leading to malnutrition. Drought can also affect the health of livestock raised for food.
What is the hypothesis of drought in Eastern Cape?
Reasons cited for the severity of the drought include poor water management by local government, unpredictable rainfall patterns and vandalism of local infrastructure. Areas of the Eastern Cape that overlap with the Karroo, such as the area around Graaff-Reinet, have been especially badly hit.
What is effect of drought?
Drought conditions often provide too little water to support food crops, through either natural precipitation or irrigation using reserve water supplies. The same problem affects grass and grain used to feed livestock and poultry. When drought undermines or destroys food sources, people go hungry.
What is the hypothesis of drought in Cape Town?
There has been a one degree Celsius increase in temperature over the past century and models predict that the average temperature in Cape Town will increase by another 0.25 degrees Celsius in the next ten years, which may increase the likelihood and severity of drought.
What is the hypothesis of droughts in Eastern Cape?
How do droughts affect the world?
Immediate drought impacts can include visibly dry vegetation and lower water levels in lakes and reservoirs. Longer-term impacts, such as land subsidence, seawater intrusion, and damage to ecosystems, can be harder to see, but more costly to manage in the future.
What is the hypothesis of droughts in South Africa?
Is drought a natural disaster?
In the United States, drought is the second-most costly form of natural disaster (behind hurricanes), exacting an average toll of $9.6 billion in damage and loss per event.
How does drought affect us?
Social impacts include public safety, health, conflicts between people when there isn’t enough water to go around, and changes in lifestyle. Examples of social impacts include: Anxiety or depression about economic losses caused by drought. Health problems related to low water flows and poor water quality.