What does the word theophylline mean?

What does the word theophylline mean?

Definition of theophylline : a feebly basic bitter crystalline compound C7H8N4O2 present in tea leaves that is isomeric with theobromine and is used in medicine especially as a bronchodilator.

What is the chemical name for aminophylline?

Aminophylline hydrate

PubChem CID 16218860
Molecular Formula C16H26N10O5
Synonyms Aminophylline hydrate aminophylline monohydrate UNII-Y7E0LU9ZMS 76970-41-7 Y7E0LU9ZMS More…
Molecular Weight 438.44
Parent Compound CID 2153 (Theophylline)

What is the pH of theophylline?

While salts of theophylline may be formed with a base at high pH, theophylline is only slightly ionized at physiological pH (pKa = 8.8).

What kind of drug is theophylline?

Theophylline is used to treat lung diseases such as asthma and COPD (bronchitis, emphysema). It must be used regularly to prevent wheezing and shortness of breath. This medication belongs to a class of drugs known as xanthines.

Where is theophylline found?

Theophylline is found in black tea and to a lesser extent in green coffee, cocoa cotyledon and dried mate. Theophylline is synthesized on an industrial scale and is used principally in pharmaceutical preparations. Per-caput daily intake of theophylline from black tea in the USA has been estimated to be 0.14 mg.

What classification is theophylline?

This medication belongs to a class of drugs known as xanthines. It works by relaxing the muscles around the airways so that they open up and you can breathe more easily. It also decreases the lungs’ response to irritants. Controlling symptoms of breathing problems can decrease time lost from work or school.

What type of drug is theophylline?

Theophylline belongs to a group of medicines known as bronchodilators. Bronchodilators are medicines that relax the muscles in the bronchial tubes (air passages) of the lungs. They relieve cough, wheezing, shortness of breath, and troubled breathing by increasing the flow of air through the bronchial tubes.

Is theophylline an acid or base?

Theophylline is an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa). Theophylline is a bitter tasting compound. Theophylline is found, on average, in the highest concentration within cocoa beans and tea.

What is another name for theophylline?

Theophylline is marketed under several brand names such as Uniphyl and Theochron, and it is indicated mainly for asthma, bronchospasm, and COPD.

How does theophylline work?

Theophylline works by opening the airways in your lungs. It does this by relaxing the muscles and decreasing the response to substances that cause your airways to constrict. This makes it easier for you to breathe.

What is theophylline made from?

Theophylline is a drug derived from methylxanthine (a purine derivative) and has smooth muscle relaxant, bronchial dilation, diuretic, cardiac and central nervous system (CNS) stimulant activities.

  • August 16, 2022