Does Addisons disease cause hyperpigmentation?

Does Addisons disease cause hyperpigmentation?

Another common initial symptom of Addison’s disease is the development of patches of skin that are darker than the surrounding skin (hyperpigmentation). This discoloration most commonly occurs near scars, by skin creases such as the knuckles, and on the mucous membranes such as the gums.

Can adrenal insufficiency cause hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation in primary adrenal insufficiency is caused by an increased production of α-melanocyte-stimulating-hormone (αMSH). 7 Both αMSH and ACTH originate from the pro-hormone peptide pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC).

Where is hyperpigmentation of Addison’s disease?

Addison disease is classically seen with hyperpigmentation due to ACTH melanogenesis. Intraorally pigmentation over the gingival, vermillion border of lip, buccal mucosa, palate tongue, is evident and perceived as first sign.

Why does ACTH cause hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation in primary adrenal cortex insufficiency: Addison disease. ACTH is thought to have a powerful activating effect on melanocyte-stimulating hormone receptors so that high levels spur production of melanin and subsequent discoloration of the skin or mucosa.

What causes tanning in Addison’s disease?

It is caused by the stimulant effect of excess adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) on the melanocytes to produce melanin. The hyperpigmentation is caused by high levels of circulating ACTH that bind to the melanocortin 1 receptor on the surface of dermal melanocytes.

What causes hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation is caused by an increase in melanin. Melanin is the natural pigment that gives our skin, hair and eyes their color. A number of factors can trigger an increase in melanin production, but the main ones are sun exposure, hormonal influences, age and skin injuries or inflammation.

What causes black skin discoloration?

Darker areas of skin (or an area that tans more easily) occurs when you have more melanin or overactive melanocytes. Bronzing of the skin may sometimes be mistaken for a suntan. This skin discoloration often develops slowly, starting at the elbows, knuckles, and knees and spreading from there.

What are the two typical causes of hyperpigmentation of the skin?

What is the difference between melasma and hyperpigmentation?

Although it also is a type of condition characterized by darker patches of skin, melasma is differentiated from other forms of hyperpigmentation mainly by its cause; rather than just being sun-related, melasma is caused in part by hormonal changes within the body.

What diseases cause hyperpigmentation?

Common causes of widespread hyperpigmentation include melasma, drugs, cancers, and other systemic disorders. Test patients who have widespread hyperpigmentation not caused by drugs for disorders such as primary biliary cholangitis, hemochromatosis, and Addison disease.

Why am I getting hyperpigmentation on my face?

  • September 6, 2022