When extravascular fluid accumulates in the abdominal cavity it is described by the term?

When extravascular fluid accumulates in the abdominal cavity it is described by the term?

Ascites, or the pathologic accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity, occurs in cirrhosis and is caused by fluid weeping from congested hepatic sinusoids secondary to elevated portal venous pressure [223].

What conditions result an excess amount of tissue fluid?

edema, also spelled oedema, plural edemas, or edemata, in medicine, an abnormal accumulation of watery fluid in the intercellular spaces of connective tissue.

What occurs with edema quizlet?

What is edema? An excessive or accumulation of fluid in the interstitial compartment. -Causes swelling or largement of the tissues.

Which factors are causes of the formation of edema in the body quizlet?

Causes of edema: high capillary hydrostatic pressure, loss of plasma proteins (low capillary osmotic pressure), lymphatic obstruction, increased capillary permeability.

What term means abnormal accumulation of fluid within tissue spaces?

edema – the accumulation of excess fluid in the intercellular or interstitial tissue spaces or body cavities.

What condition is caused by fluid going from the plasma into the peritoneal compartment?

When excess fluid accumulates within the peritoneal space (space between the abdominal wall and organs), this is termed “ascites.” Pulmonary congestion, which can occur in heart failure as the left atrial pressure increases and blood backs up in the pulmonary circuit, causes pulmonary edema.

What occurs as the result of inflammation and disease of the interstitial compartments?

When the fluid volume within the interstitial compartment (space between the cells and blood vessels) increases, this compartment increases in size leading to tissue swelling (i.e., edema). This is what happens when an ankle is sprained and swells.

What is edema and why it happens quizlet?

Edema (fluid excess) excessive amount of fluid in the interstitial compartment. – causes swelling or enlargement of tissue. -may be localized or throughout the body. -may impair tissue perfusion.

When does edema occur quizlet?

the accumulation of excess fluid in a tissue. It often shows as swelling of the face, fingers, abdomen or ankles, but also occurs in internal organs where its effects are hidden from view. This occurs when fluid filters into a tissue faster than it is reabsorbed.

What are the 4 primary causes of edema?

Several diseases and conditions may cause edema, including:

  • Congestive heart failure.
  • Cirrhosis.
  • Kidney disease.
  • Kidney damage.
  • Weakness or damage to veins in your legs.
  • Inadequate lymphatic system.
  • Severe, long-term protein deficiency.

Where would fluid accumulate in a patient due to the increased level of hydrostatic pressure caused by left ventricular failure?

The increased pressure causes rapid fluid accumulation within the lung interstitial spaces. However, over the following days to weeks, additional fluid may accumulate due to the deposition of excess lung connective tissue. Pulmonary edema is one of the most serious consequences of left ventricular cardiac failure.

What means of ascites?

Listen to pronunciation. (uh-SY-teez) Abnormal buildup of fluid in the abdomen that may cause swelling. In late-stage cancer, tumor cells may be found in the fluid in the abdomen.

Which term means abnormal accumulation of fluid within tissue spaces quizlet?

Which term means abnormal accumulation of fluid within tissue spaces? Edema.

What is intravascular fluid compartment?

The intravascular compartment contains fluid (i.e., blood) within the cardiac chambers and vascular system of the body. The extravascular system is everything outside of the intravascular compartment. Fluid and electrolytes readily move between these two compartments.

What is in the extracellular fluid?

The extracellular fluid, in turn, is composed of blood plasma, interstitial fluid, lymph and transcellular fluid (e.g. cerebrospinal fluid, synovial fluid, aqueous humour, serous fluid, gut fluid, etc.). The interstitial fluid and the blood plasma are the major components of the extracellular fluid.

Which of the following is a cause of edema?

Medications, pregnancy, infections, and many other medical problems can cause edema. Edema happens when your small blood vessels leak fluid into nearby tissues. That extra fluid builds up, which makes the tissue swell.

Does inflammation cause edema?

The swelling process, also known as edema, is the result of acute inflammation, a response triggered by damage to living tissues. In the case of injury, the purpose of the inflammatory response is to remove components of damaged tissue in order to allow the body to begin to heal.

What causes edema?

Edema occurs when tiny blood vessels in your body (capillaries) leak fluid. The fluid builds up in surrounding tissues, leading to swelling. Mild cases of edema may result from: Sitting or staying in one position for too long.

Which are possible consequences of edema?

Edema left untreated can cause skin stretching to a point of pruritus and discomfort accompanied by painful swelling, stiffness, and difficulty walking. Swollen areas are at increased risk of skin ulcers and infection.

  • September 17, 2022