What is the treatment of choice for otosclerosis?

What is the treatment of choice for otosclerosis?

Medical treatment is indicated in the early active stage of the disease, which usually goes unnoticed, while hearing aids tend to be indicated when patients refuse surgery. The surgical treatment of otosclerosis is the most commonly used and most effective treatment and includes either stapedectomy or stapedotomy.

Is otosclerosis sensorineural or conductive?

Otosclerosis is a form of conductive hearing loss. In some cases, as the ear loses its ability to transmit sound, people may first notice low-frequency hearing loss, meaning that low-pitched sounds are harder to hear.

Can cochlear otosclerosis be cured?

Otosclerosis can’t be cured. Surgery can greatly improve the hearing loss caused by otosclerosis. Hearing aids can successfully manage your hearing loss as well.

What causes cochlear otosclerosis?

Otosclerosis is most often caused when one of the bones in the middle ear, the stapes, becomes stuck in place. When this bone is unable to vibrate, sound is unable to travel through the ear and hearing becomes impaired (see illustration).

Is otosclerosis an autoimmune disorder?

Otosclerosis is an autoimmune-inflammatory disorder. Its etiopathogenesis includes measles virus infection, anti-collagen autoimmunity, inflammation, bone loss, organotropism, hormonal and metabolic factors.

Is otosclerosis inherited?

In otosclerosis, a bony growth develops on the stapes that causes it to become fixed. It then can’t vibrate, so the sound vibrations can no longer pass into the inner ear. We know that otosclerosis can be inherited and in about a quarter of cases, there’s a strong family history.

What is the most characteristic symptom of otosclerosis?

Hearing loss, the most frequently reported symptom of otosclerosis, usually starts in one ear and then moves to the other. This loss may appear very gradually. Many people with otosclerosis first notice that they are unable to hear low-pitched sounds or can’t hear a whisper.

Is otosclerosis an autoimmune disease?

How quickly does otosclerosis progress?

The hearing loss from otosclerosis is usually progressive over many years. Both ears are often affected, although one ear is usually worse than the other. The hearing loss may progress during pregnancy and (possibly) with certain types of hormonal treatment.

  • August 23, 2022