What is a normal size spleen?
What is a normal size spleen?
Normally, the spleen does not extend inferior to the left costal margin; hence a normal spleen is seldom palpable through the anterolateral abdominal wall. It varies in size and shape but it is usually 12 cm long, 5 cm thickness, and 7 cm wide.
Is a 17 cm spleen normal?
Healthcare professionals consider splenomegaly when the spleen is anywhere from 12 to 20 centimeters (cm) (4.7 to 7.9 inches [in]) in length and weighs more than 400 grams (g) (0.88 pounds [lb]). Massive splenomegaly occurs when the spleen is larger than 20 cm (7.9 in) or weighs more than 1,000 g (2.2 lb).
Is 11.5 spleen mean its enlarged?
A spleen weighing up to 500 grams (1.1 pounds) or between 11 to 20 cm (4.3 to 8 inches) in its longest dimension is considered enlarged. Splenomegaly greater than 1000 gm (2 lb 3.3 oz) or longer than 20 cm (8 inches) is considered severe or massive.
Is a 11.5 cm spleen normal?
A measurement of spleen size is a standard procedure as part of a liver exam, since splenomegaly is a sign of portal hypertension. Suggested cutoffs are: Normal (not splenomegaly): the maximum length is less than 11 cm. Moderate splenomegaly: the maximum length is between 11–20 cm.
What is a mildly enlarged spleen?
An enlarged spleen typically causes no signs or symptoms, but sometimes it causes: Pain or fullness in the left upper belly that can spread to the left shoulder. A feeling of fullness without eating or after eating a small amount because the spleen is pressing on your stomach. Low red blood cells (anemia)
Is 12.5 cm spleen normal?
The upper limit of the normal adult splenic length is traditionally cited at 12 cm, but lengths upwards of 14 cm can be seen in normal, taller males 7.
What size spleen is considered enlarged?
An enlarged spleen is characterized as one that is larger than 12 cm (approximately 5 inches) in length or over 400 grams (approximately 14 ounces) in weight.
Is 13 cm spleen normal?
Is a 6cm spleen normal?
Normal Variants The size of the spleen can be extremely variable ranging from 7cm- 14cm (adults). Accessory spleens or splenunculi are common.
Why is my child’s spleen enlarged?
An enlarged spleen can be caused by infections, cirrhosis and other liver diseases, blood diseases characterized by abnormal blood cells, problems with the lymph system, or other conditions. Other causes of an enlarged spleen include: Inflammatory diseases such as sarcoidosis, lupus, and rheumatoid arthritis.
Can an enlarged spleen be normal?
But diseases can cause it to swell and become many times its normal size. Because the spleen is involved in many functions, many conditions may affect it. An enlarged spleen is not always a sign of a problem. When a spleen becomes enlarged, though, it often means it has been doing its job but has become overactive.
What is borderline splenomegaly?
Splenomegaly is a condition that occurs when your spleen becomes enlarged. It’s also commonly referred to as enlarged spleen or spleen enlargement. The spleen is a part of your lymphatic system. It helps the immune system by storing white blood cells and helping in the creation of antibodies.
What is normal size of spleen in MM?
The normal spleen length for adults in this study ranged from 76 mm to 131 mm and has a strong positive correlation with subject height (r = 0.990, P < 0.001) and also correlates with weight (r = 0.283 P < 0.001).
How do I know if my child has an enlarged spleen?
An enlarged spleen typically causes no signs or symptoms, but sometimes it causes: Pain or fullness in the left upper belly that can spread to the left shoulder. A feeling of fullness without eating or after eating a small amount because the spleen is pressing on your stomach.
What causes enlarged spleen in child?
Infection is the most common cause of an enlarged spleen in children, but after treating an infection successfully the size of the spleen must be re-evaluated and persisting splenomegaly should always be taken seriously.
Why would a child’s spleen be enlarged?
Is mild splenomegaly serious?
Left untreated, an enlarged spleen can lead to serious complications. In most cases, treatment of the underlying cause of the enlarged spleen can prevent removal of the spleen.