What makes a select agent?
What makes a select agent?
Select agents are biological agents and toxins that have been determined to have the potential to pose a severe threat to public health and safety, to animal and plant health, or to animal or plant products.
Is E coli a select agent?
Although wild-type E. coli strains alone are not considered select agents and the expected yield of toxin is less than the regulated amount, since the recombinant E.
Is Smallpox a select agent?
Common examples of select agents and toxins include the organisms that cause anthrax, bubonic plague, and smallpox, as well as the toxin ricin.
Is botulinum toxin a select agent?
DSAT regulates BOTOX® as a select agent until it is in its final formulation aliquoted in vials, and ready to be used for medical purposes. The Virus-Serum-Toxin Act (21 U.S.C. 151-159) Exemption from the select agent regulations does not amount to exemption from any other USDA law or regulation.
Is H5N1 a select agent?
Highly pathogenic H5N1 viruses are already included on the US Department of Agriculture’s (USDA’s) select agent list, which means that labs must register with and meet requirements set by the USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS).
Is SARS CoV a select agent?
SARS-CoV-2 is not a select agent identified in the select agent regulations. Therefore, the possession, use and transfer of SARS-CoV-2 is not regulated by the Federal Select Agent Program (FSAP).
Is Brucella a select agent?
Both Brucella species are listed as overlap select agents under the select agent and toxin regulations. 9 C.F.R. § 121.4(b), 42 C.F.R. § 73.4(b).
Is hantavirus a select agent?
For example, “viruses causing hantavirus pulmonary syndrome” were removed from the CFR 72.6 Select Agent list because they “are difficult to propagate and there is a lack of data establishing laboratory acquired infections.” Yellow fever virus was removed because “there is a safe and effective vaccine.” Histoplasma …
What are the four types of biological agents?
Biological agents include bacteria, viruses, fungi, other microorganisms and their associated toxins.
What are the two types of biological agents?
Biological agents are widely found in the natural environment and as a result found in many work sectors. They include bacteria, viruses, fungi (including yeasts and moulds) and internal human parasites (endoparasites).
What biological weapons exist?
Weaponized agent Historical biological weapons programmes have included efforts to produce: aflatoxin; anthrax; botulinum toxin; foot-and-mouth disease; glanders; plague; Q fever; rice blast; ricin; Rocky Mountain spotted fever; smallpox; and tularaemia, among others.
What are Category B agents?
Category B These agents are the second highest priority: Brucellosis (Brucella species) Epsilon toxin of Clostridium perfringens. Food safety threats (e.g., Salmonella species, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Shigella)
What are the 6 biological agents?
Along with smallpox, anthrax, plague, botulism, and tularemia, hemorrhagic fever viruses are among six agents identified by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as the most likely to be used as biological weapons. Many VHFs can cause severe, life-threatening disease with high fatality rates.