What is the meaning of extravasation?

What is the meaning of extravasation?

Listen to pronunciation. (ek-STRA-vuh-SAY-shun) The leakage of blood, lymph, or other fluid, such as an anticancer drug, from a blood vessel or tube into the tissue around it.

What is extravasation in pharmacology?

Extravasation is the leakage of an injected drug out of the blood vessels, damaging the surrounding tissues. In terms of cancer therapy, extravasation refers to the inadvertent infiltration of chemotherapeutic drugs in the tissues surrounding the IV site.

What is extravasation in nursing?

Extravasation: the unintentional leakage of vesicant fluids or medications from the vein into the surrounding tissue. Vesicant: agents capable of causing blistering, tissue sloughing or necrosis.

What is another name for extravasation?

What is another word for extravasation?

secretion excretion
leak drip
trickle percolation
seeping trickling
dribble bleeding

What is extravasation vs infiltration?

The difference between an infiltration and extravasation is the type of medicine or fluid that is leaked. Infiltration – if the fluid is a non-vesicant (does not irritate tissue), it is called an infiltration. Extravasation – if the fluid is a vesicant (a fluid that irritates tissue), it is called an extravasation.

What is another word for extravasation?

What is necrosis with extravasation?

Listen to pronunciation. (ek-STRA-vuh-SAY-shun IN-jer-ee) Blistering and tissue damage caused by certain drugs when they leak out of a vein into the tissue around it. The damage is sometimes severe and can lead to tissue necrosis (tissue death).

What Extravasated erythrocytes?

Background. Extravasation of erythrocytes (erythrodiapedesis [ED]) is currently included among causes of skin damage in legs with chronic venous disorders (CVD) and ascribed to venular hypertension. ED is followed by erythrocyte disruption, degradation of hemoglobin, and storing of ferric iron into hemosiderin.

What is a complication of extravasation?

Other serious complications of IV infiltration/extravasation include: Severe scarring where the medication makes contact with the skin. Permanent nerve damage. Severe burns, where healing may require skin grafting. Skin ulceration or blistering.

Who is at risk of extravasation?

Risk factors for extravasation from peripheral veins include the presence of small and/or fragile veins, obesity, multiple previous venipunctures, presence of disseminated skin diseases (e.g. eczema or psoriasis), patient movement, and prior treatment.

What is treatment for extravasation?

Treatment of a vesicant extravasation includes immediate cessation of infusion, aspiration of as much extravasated drug as possible through the still-intact catheter, and attempts for the aspiration of the extravasated agent in the surrounding tissue. This aspiration may help to limit the extent of tissue damage.

What is the difference between infiltration and extravasation?

A serious complication is the inadvertent administration of a solution or medication into the tissue surrounding the IV catheter–when it is a nonvesicant solution or medication, it is called infiltration; when it is a vesicant medication, it is called extravasation.

  • August 8, 2022